Japanese Accent

Japanese accent

There are two functions of accent.

  1. Accent syntactic function:
    The presence of accents makes sentences more easily perceived as “chunks” or “mountains” in word units, and helps to understand sentences.
  2. Accent discrimination function:
    Even if the same voice sequence, different accents can be recognized as different words. This avoids homonyms and saves syllables.

<Word accent rules>
There are three rules for common language accents (Tokyo style):

  1. The height of the first and second beats is always different.
  2. There is only one accent nucleus (the part that changes from high to low).
  3. Once it goes down, it does not go up.

According to this rule, there are n + 1 types of accent patterns for n beat words having a common word accent type.
For example, in terms of five beats, there are 6 types below in total.

  • flat type (with no nucleus)
  • head height type (the nucleus is the first beat)
  • tail high type (the nucleus is the fifth beat)
  • middle high type (the nucleus is the second beat, third beat, 4th beat)

 
<Compound word accent rules>

  1. When the last word is one or two beats.
    ⇒ The accent nucleus comes just before that.
  2. When the back word is a short word of 3 or 4 beats.
    ⇒ Accent nucleus comes on the 1st beat of the back word.
  3. When the back word is long.
    ⇒ The accent of the back word remains as it is.

What an engineer should learn in the first year of joining a company.

What I learned in the first year of joining the company.

When I was studying at university, I thought that companies had information that I could not imagine. To confirm that, I thought I had to go inside once to know. So I thought I had to work for about 10 years before I could do anything. What I noticed in the first year after entering was “no big deal.” Certainly, there is a lot of experience and knowledge in the sense of know-how. For example, metal fatigue test data or failure data, for example, where will it break? Are many. They are beyond human knowledge, and it is almost impossible to predict them all from the beginning. It is defense in the basket. Even if you are smart, you cannot do it right away. It is “experience” that helps.

However, on the other hand, in the unknown domain of technology development (the unknown domain here is a domain where there is no experience in a company), the research and start of university students are not different. More specifically, return to the textbook if you do not understand. Use the Internet to search for articles published by other companies. Based on that, deepen your understanding and aim for your own solution. To be clear, it’s just like a college student.

Knowing this can be a pain to be in the company. Sell ​​your time and effort to the company and get a monthly salary. If you do this yourself in an outside market, you can earn tens of times your monthly wage. And if you know this, you don’t even have to go to college. It is enough to look at the syllabus. What is the essence of the main lecture? Which author is the author of the authoritative textbook? Once you know them, you can find criticisms and papers that seem to be reliable in a potable formula. As you read some of the “trustworthy information,” you will gain a sense in the field. “This seems to be right.” “What this person says is the leap of logic here.” By this point, it’s already here. Because you can judge the quality of books and opinions on your own. Yes, just looking at the preface and table of contents. And more accurate information collection can be performed. By doing this, you are already a pro.

In conclusion, what skills do you need to acquire among university students or in the years after joining the company? The ability to collect information and scrutinize information on its own. With this, you can do any job except for craftsmen.

 

In Japanese, subject abbreviation frequently occurs.

In Japanese, subject abbreviation frequently occurs.

But in the case of Japanese, the subject can be uniquely identified in most cases.

 

The clues are:

  • Sentence type (declaration, question, command, will, …)
  • Internal expression / External expression ( 「~たい」「おもう」「〜がっている」)
  • Directional expressions (てあげる/てもらう/てくれる)
  • Honorific expressions (めしあがる/うかがう/はいけんする)
  • Matching the subject of the main sentence with the subordinate clause
  • Subject match between two consecutive sentences
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